The Jarawas (also known as Jarwa) are an indigenous people of the Andaman Islands in India. They live in parts of South Andaman and Middle Andaman Islands, and their present numbers are estimated at between 250–400 individuals. They have largely cut away from any interaction with outsiders, and many particulars of their society, culture and traditions are hardly understood.The Jarawas are recognised as an Adivasigroup in India. Along with other indigenous Andamanese peoples, they have been inhabited the islands for at least several thousand years, and most likely a great deal longer might be. The Andaman Islands have been known to outsiders since "antiquity"; however, until quite recent times they were infrequently visited, and such contacts were predominantly sporadic and temporary. For the greater portion of their history their only significant contact has been with other Andamanese groups. Through many decades, contact with the tribe has diminished quite significantly.There is some indication that the Jarawa regarded the now-extinct Jangil tribe as a parent tribe from which they split centuries or millennia ago, even though the Jarawa eventually out-survived the Jangil. The Jangil (also called the Rutland Island Aka Bea) were presumed extinct by 1931.
The Jarawa are a designated Scheduled Tribe in India.